What? A romantic paired dance in triple time (3/4)
Where? Vienna, Austria.
When? Romantic period, 1800s
Who? Johann Strauss I, Johan Strauss II.
Tempo? Fast 180bpm. Tempo Rubato. Rhythm3/4. Strong accent on first beat. Slightly anticipated 2nd beat. Um Cha-cha rhythm.
Romantic orchestra. strings, brass, woodwind, Timpani / percussion.
Close hold, paired, rise and fall, rotating.
Venue / Location - Ballroom.
Strauss II wrote long waltz pieces with five or more melodies. Each one in binary or ternary form.
AoS3 Waltz - Traded Tips
Tempo - Fast. 160-180bpm. Tempo Rubato.
Rhythm - Um cha cha. Second beat anticipated.
Articulation - Strong accent on first beat of bar.
Dynamics - Full range of dynamics.
Expression - Romantic, legato melodies, Rubato.
Devices - Long introductions to prepare dancers.
Texture - Melody with accompaniment.
Instruments - Full Romantic Orchestra. Also written for piano.
Pitch - Smooth melodies, not usually large leaps.
Structure - Often contain multiple melodies: ABCDE etc
Other...Vienna, Paired Dance, Close Hold. Strauss